Turbatrix aceti (Vinegar eels, Vinegar nematode) are free-living nematodes that feed on the microbial culture, called mother of vinegar used to create vinegar, and may be found in unfiltered vinegar. Vinegar eels are often given to fry (baby fish) as a live food, like microworms.
- FDA: Sec. 525.825 Vinegar, Definitions – Adulteration with Vinegar Eels (CPG 7109.22)
- Targovnik HS, Locher SE, Hart TF, Hariharan PV (September 1984). “Age-related changes in the excision repair capacity of Turbatrix aceti”. Mech. Ageing Dev. 27 (1): 73–81. PMID 6492888.
- Targovnik HS, Locher SE, Hariharan PV (March 1985). “Age associated alteration in DNA damage and repair capacity in Turbatrix aceti exposed to ionizing radiation”. Int. J. Radiat. Biol. Relat. Stud. Phys. Chem. Med. 47 (3): 255–60. PMID 3872278.
- Bernstein H, Payne CM, Bernstein C, Garewal H, Dvorak K (2008). Cancer and aging as consequences of un-repaired DNA damage. In: New Research on DNA Damages (Editors: Honoka Kimura and Aoi Suzuki) Nova Science Publishers, Inc., New York, Chapter 1, pp. 1-47. open access, but read only https://www.novapublishers.com/catalog/product_info.php?products_id=43247 ISBN 978-1604565812