Dr. James Hildreth PhD MD, proposed that “the virus is fully an exosome in every sense of the word.” 
What Are Exosomes?
Exosomes are membrane bound extracellular vesicles (EVs) that are produced in the endosomal compartment of most eukaryotic cells. The multivesicular body (MVB) is an endosome defined by intraluminal vesicles (ILVs) that bud inward into the endosomal lumen. If the MVB fuses with the cell surface (the plasma membrane), these ILVs are released as exosomes. In multicellular organisms, exosomes and other EVs are present in tissues and can also be found in biological fluids including blood, urine, and cerebrospinal fluid. They are also released in vitro by cultured cells into their growth medium.
Since the size of exosomes is limited by that of the parent MVB, exosomes are generally thought to be smaller than most other EVs, from about 30 to 150 nanometres (nm) in diameter: around the same size as many lipoproteins but much smaller than cells. Compared with EVs in general, it is unclear whether exosomes have unique characteristics or functions or can be separated or distinguished effectively from other EVs. EVs including exosomes carry markers of cells of origin and have specialized functions in physiological processes, from coagulation and intercellular signaling to acidic waste management of the intravascular and interstitial fluids of the Interstitium – the largest organ of the human body.
Are Exosomes Viruses?
There is NO scientific evidence from ANY research (published or otherwise) from ANY scientist or group of scientists any where in the World validating the existence of the so-called invisible virus or that exosomes have been proven to be the existence of any virus!
Exosomes are created endogenously by the cells, even the red blood cells as a means of mediating or buffering metabolic, environmental, dietary and/or respiratory acidic waste in order to maintain the delicate pH balance of the intravascular fluids, the interstitial fluids and the intracellular fluids of the body cells at 7.365.
Are Exosomes the Agents to the Activation of the Immune System and a Defense Against Metabolic Acids?
What may appear as viral particles are many times indistinguishable from exosomes.
Exosomes are natural micro-vesicles produced by cells; they carry messages from cell to cell, and to other tissues, and possibly to other people. They are essential to health because they carry acidic waste out of damaged cells and trigger the lymphocytes to release reduced oxygen (SO-) and reduced hydrogen (OH-) molecules to buffer metabolic acidic cellular waste to prevent the death of the body.
Are COVID-19 and HIV Exosomes?
Based upon electron microscopy the so-called COVID-19 virus and the the so-called HIV virus are 100 nm in diameter and appear identical to exosomes.
In January 18th of 2020, three scientists published a scientific paper describing the protective purpose of exosomes, entitled, “Exosome-Mediated Transfer of ACE2 (Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2) from Endothelial Progenitor Cells Promotes Survival and Function of Endothelial Cell.”
Research on Exosomes and Their Support of the Lymphocytes (Immune System) in Reducing Cancer-causing Acidic Waste
Exosomes from red blood cells contain the transferrin receptor which is absent in mature erythrocytes. Dendritic cell-derived exosomes express MHC I, MHC II, and costimulatory molecules and have been proven to be able to induce and enhance antigen-specific T cell responses in vivo in reducing metabolic acidic waste.
What Is the Relationship Between Exosomes and COVID-19
They both contain the ACE2, or angiotensin converting enzyme-2 receptor and visually, using an electron microscope measure the same size. The exosomes or should we say the COVID-19, ACE2 receptor chops up two forms of a protein called angiotensin to keep blood pressure stable by protecting cell membranes from cellular breakdown from metabolic, dietary, environmental and respiratory acidic waste.
So What is Causing the Symptoms of COVID-19 and the Release of Exosomes into the Extracellular Matrix?
It is a four letter word – ACID! Where is the ACID coming from?
The major contributing factors that cause cellular breakdown and the release of exosomes into the extracellular matrix are as follows:
1. Electro-magnetic pulsating frequencies ranging from 1GHz to 600GHz.
2. Carbon Dioxide and Monoxide Poisoning.
3. Glyphosate Acid Poisoning from non-organic fruit and vegetables.
4. Lactic Acid Poisoning from diet and metabolism.21]
5. Uric, Nitric, Sulphuric and Phosphoric Acid Poisoning from eating the flesh and blood of animals.
6. Genetically Modified Organisms in our food supply and vaccines.
7. Aluminum Oxide Poisoning from vaccination and chem trails.
8. Antibiotic Poisoning.
9. Acidic Polluted Water, Alcohol, Coffee, Black tea, Soda drinks, Sport drinks.
10. Sugar in all of its form or any word that ends in ‘ose’.
How Can I Support the Alkaline Design of the Body and Reduce Metabolic, Dietary, Environmental and Respiratory Acidic Waste that is Making Me Sick and Tired?
First, read five books by Dr. Robert O. Young to start with –
1. Sick and Tired, Reclaim Your Inner Terrain
2. The pH Miracle revised and updated
3. Chlorine Dioxide (CLO2) As a Non-Toxic Antimicrobial Agent for Virus, Bacteria and Yeast (Candids Albicans)
4. Alkalizing Nutritional Therapy in the Prevention and Treatment of any Cancerous Condition, and,
5. Second Thoughts about Viruses, Vaccines, and the HIV/AIDS Hypothesis.
Second, follow the protocol as outlined in Chapter 5 and 11 in The pH Miracle Revised and Updated for at least 12 weeks.
Third, If you need further clarification and support you can setup a consultation with Dr. Robert O. Young by clicking here: https://www.drrobertyoung.com/services-page
Fourth, you can attend a pH Miracle Retreat and immerse yourself in a paradise of alkalinity. To learn more go to: www.phmiracleretreat.com
 Théry C, Witwer KW, Aikawa E, Alcaraz MJ, Anderson JD, Andriantsitohaina R, et al. (2018). “Minimal information for studies of extracellular vesicles 2018 (MISEV2018): a position statement of the International Society for Extracellular Vesicles and update of the MISEV2014 guidelines”. Journal of Extracellular Vesicles. 7 (1): 1535750. doi:10.1080/20013078.2018.1535750. PMC 6322352. PMID 30637094.
 Yáñez-Mó M, Siljander PR, Andreu Z, Zavec AB, Borràs FE, Buzas EI, Buzas K, et al. (2015). “Biological properties of extracellular vesicles and their physiological functions”. Journal of Extracellular Vesicles. 4: 27066. doi:10.3402/jev.v4.27066. PMC 4433489. PMID 25979354.
 van Niel G, D’Angelo G, Raposo G (April 2018). “Shedding light on the cell biology of extracellular vesicles”. Nature Reviews. Molecular Cell Biology. 19 (4): 213–228. doi:10.1038/nrm.2017.125. PMID 29339798.
 van der Pol E, Böing AN, Harrison P, Sturk A, Nieuwland R (July 2012). “Classification, functions, and clinical relevance of extracellular vesicles”. Pharmacological Reviews. 64 (3): 676–705. doi:10.1124/pr.112.005983. PMID 22722893.
 Keller S, Sanderson MP, Stoeck A, Altevogt P (November 2006). “Exosomes: from biogenesis and secretion to biological function”. Immunology Letters. 107 (2): 102–8. doi:10.1016/j.imlet.2006.09.005. PMID 17067686.
 Spaull R, McPherson B, Gialeli A, Clayton A, Uney J, Heep A, Cordero-Llana Ó (April 2019). “Exosomes populate the cerebrospinal fluid of preterm infants with post-haemorrhagic hydrocephalus”. International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience. 73: 59–65. doi:10.1016/j.ijdevneu.2019.01.004. PMID 30639393.
 Dhondt B, Van Deun J, Vermaerke S, de Marco A, Lumen N, De Wever O, Hendrix A (June 2018). “Urinary extracellular vesicle biomarkers in urological cancers: From discovery towards clinical implementation”. The International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology. 99: 236–256. doi:10.1016/j.biocel.2018.04.009. PMID 29654900.
 Wang J, Chen S, Bihl J, “Exosome-Mediated Transfer of ACE2 (Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2) from Endothelial Progenitor Cells Promotes Survival and Function.” Oxid Med Cell Longev, 2020 Jan 18;2020:4213541. doi: 10.1155/2020/4213541
 Mignot G, Roux S, Thery C, Ségura E, Zitvogel L (2006). “Prospects for exosomes in immunotherapy of cancer”. Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine. 10 (2): 376–88. doi:10.1111/j.1582-4934.2006.tb00406.x. PMC 3933128. PMID 16796806.
 Rubik, B. Bioelectromagnetic Medicine. Administrative Radiology Journal XVI(8), August 1997, 38-46.
 Young, R.O., “The Effects of ElectroMagnetic Frequencies (EMF) on the Blood and Biological Terrain.” https://www.drrobertyoung.com/…/the-effects-electromagnet-f…
 Young, R.O., “Adverse Health Effects of 5G Mobile Networking Technology Under Real-Life Conditions.” April 19th, 2020. https://www.drrobertyoung.com/…/adverse-health-effects-of-5…
 NOAA. (2016). In a high carbon dioxide world, dangerous waters ahead. (accessed on August 6, 2019)
 NOAA. (2018). What is Ocean Acidification? (accessed on August 6, 2019)
 National Geographic. (2017). Ocean Acidification. (accessed on August 6, 2019)
 NOAA. (2010). Ocean Acidification, Today and in the Future. (accessed on August 6, 2019)
 Young, R.O., Young, S.R, “The pH Miracle Revised and Updated.” Hachett Publishing, 2010.
 Are the Interstitial Fluids Raining Acid on YOUR Lung Cells? (December 17th, 2019)
 Young, R.O., “Sick and Tired.” https://www.phmiracleproducts.com/…/books-audio-video/produ…
 Young, R.O., Young, S.R. “The pH Miracle Revised and Updated.” Grand Central Publishing, NY, NY, 2010. https://www.phmiracleproducts.com/…/the-ph-miracle-revised-…
 Young, R.O.,”Chlorine Dioxide (CLO2) As a Non-Toxic Antimicrobial Agent for Virus, Bacteria and Yeast (Candids Albicans),” Hikari Omni Media, August 2nd, 2016. https://www.phmiracleproducts.com/…/chlorine-dioxide-clo2-b…
 Young, R.O., Migalko, G., “Alkalizing Nutritional Therapy in the Prevention and Treatment of any Cancerous Condition.” Hikari Omni Media, August 1st, 2016. https://www.phmiracleproducts.com/…/alkalizing-nutritional-…
 Young, R.O., “Second Thoughts about Viruses, Vaccines, and the HIV/AIDS Hypothesis,” Hikari Omni Media, August 2nd, 2016. https://www.phmiracleproducts.com/…/second-thoughts-about-v…
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